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03 November 2011

World’s biggest virus discovered in ocean depths near Chile

Billionaire adventurer Richard Branson might have large-scale plans for deep ocean exploration; however a brand new ocean discovery makes massive waves on a microscopic level. A team of researchers trawling the ocean floor have simply revealed their findings of the world's new largest virus, found lurking off the coast of Las Cruces, Chile. it is so massive, it's actual scientific name is Mega virus chillness — and you'll be able to even read it with a basic light-weight microscope. The previous virus record holder was Mimivirus that boasted the biggest diameter of any virus so far till Mega virus came along.
The virus' DNA options one, 259,197 base pairs, that encode some parasitic bacteria-like options. not like an epidemic, bacteria may be a cellular organism — an epidemic will solely infect and replicate itself among the cells of alternative organisms. It even has some built-in DNA repairing enzymes which permit the virus to repair injury from ultraviolet light-weight, chemicals, and radiation.
Mimivirus was found in 1992, lurking in an amoeba in Bradford, England. Its capsid, the protein shell housing the virus' genetic material, was four hundred nanometres wide. If that also sounds pretty little, most viruses fall within the vary between twenty and three hundred nanometres, creating each Mimivirus and also the new Megavirus titans of the microscopic world. Mimivirus and Megavirus are believed to own diverged from a shared viral ancestor somewhere along the evolutionary road, each developing into big viruses in their own right.
PNAS via PopSci, BBC
This article originally appeared on Tecca

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